Slovakia, a country in heart of Europe, has long climbing history and offers an extraordinary rich and variety of climbing possibilities. The Slovak landscape is noted primarily for its mountainous nature, with the Carpathian Mountains extending across most of the northern half of the country. Among these mountain ranges are the high peaks of the Fatra-Tatra Area (including Tatra Mountains, Greater Fatra and Lesser Fatra), Slovak Ore Mountains, Slovak Central Mountains or Beskids.
Without any doubts, the most distinct climbing area is the Tatra Mountains (Vysoke Tatry), which are located at north of the country. The High Tatras offers thousands of climbing routes across an area of over 600 square km. In total there are around 500 peaks, with 29 of these over 2,000 m high. The highest of these is Gerlach peak at 2,655m high. These peaks offer numerous opportunities for alpine mountaineering, long multi-pitch rock climbing routes and sport climbing with more than 1,500 routes. The vast majority of multi-pitch routes require traditional equipment such as cams and nuts. The type of rock found here is composed of sedimentary rocks such as limestone, dolomite and granite.
Beside the High Tatras there are more than 50 sport climbing areas in Slovakia with the largest areas shown on the map opposite. The vast majority of these areas are very well bolted.
The western Carpathian mountain range comes to proximity of Bratislava, the capitol of Slovakia located at south west part of the country. Near Bratislava there are some small crags with around 250 routes in total. Up to the north from Bratislava there is more hills and more mountains, hiding plenty of climbing crags. The most distinct area is called Súľovské skaly that along with its neighbor crags counts around 1,000 routes.
In central and northern Slovakia there are another crags with various types of rock, from limestone to andesite ( a type of volcanic rock). Some of the main crags in this area are Sitno, Kalamárka, Machnatô, Tupá skala, Jelenec, and Harmanecká jaskyňa.
Rock climbing areas in Slovakia
|No||Rock climbing Area||No of Routes||Type of rock|
|1||Vysoke Tatry||1,500+||Limestone, Dolomite and Granite|
In eastern Slovakia there are some beautiful limestone climbing areas such as Dreveník, Turniská, Tomášovský výhľad and especially Zádielska dolina which offers multi pitch routes up to 100m high.
This information has been provided by Peter Šimkanin who is writing a new guidebook for eastern Slovakia. It will cover 17 crags with over 1,200 routes.